Fake news, in this context, is material disseminated online that is:
Blatantly, intentionally false
Hyperpartisan (displaying extreme political bias)
Severely lacking in credible attribution or supporting evidence
Old, verified news presented or repackaged as brand-new
Satirical or patently absurd
It may or may not be presented as truthful, but is often accepted and shared as such by uninformed readers regardless of its original intent. This guide is meant to explain how fake news has evolved, how it spreads, and how to recognize, avoid, and refute it as much as possible.
A significant association has been found between joint hypermobility
syndrome and anxiety disorders (particularly panic, agoraphobia and social
phobia) in rheumatologic patients (2). Furthermore, joint hypermobility
syndrome has been found to be 16 times more likely in patients with panic
disorder than other outpatients after controlling for age and sex (3).
Hypermobility syndrome is a condition that means that my joints move beyond the normal scope for joints, and my ligaments are really stretchy. Whilst this can be cool, since I’m really flexible and have loads of bendy party tricks, it also has its horrible moments. My joints are at constant risk of dislocation, which is not fun, and if I over-exert myself, or twist funny, or seriously, anything happens, I have pain in my joints. Sometimes this means I have to ice my joints, or I struggle with walking distances. Hypermobility is an integral part of me, and as an avid reader and writer, I would love to see my experiences represented more in fiction.