The Library’s Role in a “Post-truth,” “Fake News” Era
Fake news is no joke. It spreads lies and misinformation, making for an uninformed and confused nation. This guide will help you better understand the phenomenon of fake news, identify why it’s pernicious, and undertake ways to combat fake news.
Having an informed citizenry that can sort facts from falsehoods is vital to a thriving democracy, and we can never talk about it too much. You’ll find that a lot of tips from the articles below are the same ones we teach students doing scholarly research: check the source to see when and where it was published, investigate the author(s) to see their credentials, read other sources to see if others are reporting the same thing.
The research skills we learn in college are the same ones that help us become responsible, informed citizens. This is what lifelong learning looks like. Join us.
Did your mother call you to tell you that liberals hate science? Did your Facebook feed pop up with an article on a new pesticide that’s going to kill us all? Did one of your friends breathlessly tell you that president Donald Trump was going to pardon mass shooter Dylann Roof? You might have heard any or all of these stories, but there’s one thread connecting all of them: they’re not true.
Fake news, in this context, is material disseminated online that is:
Blatantly, intentionally false
Hyperpartisan (displaying extreme political bias)
Severely lacking in credible attribution or supporting evidence
Old, verified news presented or repackaged as brand-new
Satirical or patently absurd
It may or may not be presented as truthful, but is often accepted and shared as such by uninformed readers regardless of its original intent. This guide is meant to explain how fake news has evolved, how it spreads, and how to recognize, avoid, and refute it as much as possible.
A significant association has been found between joint hypermobility
syndrome and anxiety disorders (particularly panic, agoraphobia and social
phobia) in rheumatologic patients (2). Furthermore, joint hypermobility
syndrome has been found to be 16 times more likely in patients with panic
disorder than other outpatients after controlling for age and sex (3).
Hypermobility syndrome is a condition that means that my joints move beyond the normal scope for joints, and my ligaments are really stretchy. Whilst this can be cool, since I’m really flexible and have loads of bendy party tricks, it also has its horrible moments. My joints are at constant risk of dislocation, which is not fun, and if I over-exert myself, or twist funny, or seriously, anything happens, I have pain in my joints. Sometimes this means I have to ice my joints, or I struggle with walking distances. Hypermobility is an integral part of me, and as an avid reader and writer, I would love to see my experiences represented more in fiction.