Fake news, in this context, is material disseminated online that is:
Blatantly, intentionally false
Hyperpartisan (displaying extreme political bias)
Severely lacking in credible attribution or supporting evidence
Old, verified news presented or repackaged as brand-new
Satirical or patently absurd
It may or may not be presented as truthful, but is often accepted and shared as such by uninformed readers regardless of its original intent. This guide is meant to explain how fake news has evolved, how it spreads, and how to recognize, avoid, and refute it as much as possible.